Botanical garden laboratory building reconstruction

Studio: Paleko architektu studija
Authors: Rolandas Palekas, Bartas Puzonas, Vilius Linge
Location: Vilnius, Lithuania
Video: Paleko architektu studija

Before reconstruction laboratory building contrasted with manor complex buildings. The former building was not creating homogeneous composition with manor buildings due to its small adjudicative elements such as chimneys or roof exit, as well as moral architectural qualities.
Proposed architectural idea: building – plant. In order to implement this idea, new elements are designed to create integral rectangular volume. The staircase, elevator and greenhouse are compactly joined to the south wall and whole volume is encircled by the “green” facade. The volumetric solution of reconstructed laboratory building is calm; the height is leveled to the manor buildings. Due to the planted facade, the spaces on the roof becomes familiar to the strong natural botanical garden environment.
All the columns are designed as mobile elements, that can be removed or relocated if needed. In this way, a possibility to regulate the insolation of the premises and provide maintenance for the plants is created.
The characteristic of plants to change through the seasons were taken into account. In the summertime lushness of the plants reduces gaps between columns, thus protects premises against overheating. And in the wintertime columns keep the pursued architectural image.

Why did you choose this category?:
This building is a result of close interdisciplinary collaboration between architects, constructors and experts of the botanical garden. The choice of plant mix used for façade columns is still ongoing experimental process which is supervised by botanists. Results of this experiment can be used for future green façade development used specifically for Lithuanian climate. Furthermore, all functions in this building, such as plant laboratory or workshop space is used for science research and as educational space for learning about our local and worldwide botanical species. As an educational and scientific space for botanical garden personnel, Vilnius University students and any other garden guests this is building for getting and sharing knowledge.